A French press, also known as cafetière, cafetière à piston, coffee shop, press pot, coffee press or coffee émer, is a coffee-making device invented by Paolini Ugo and patented by Italian designer Attilio Calimani and Giulio Moneta in 1929.
The first coffee press, which may have been made in France, was the modern coffee press in its rudimentary form: a metal grid or cheesecloth placed on a bar that users placed in a pot of hot water and ground coffee. The coffee press was patented by Milanese designer Attilio Calimani in 1929. He underwent several design modifications through Faliero Bondanini, who patented his own version in 1958 and began manufacturing it in a French clarinets factory called Martin SA under the brand name ” Melior. ”  Its popularity may have been helped in 1965 by its use in Michael Caine’s film, The Ipcress File ..
The device was more popular throughout Europe by a British company with the name of Household Articles Ltd. and the Danish tableware and kitchenware company Bodum.
The modern French press consists of a narrow cylindrical vessel, usually made of glass or transparent plastic, equipped with a metal or plastic lid and a plunger that fits perfectly in the cylinder and has a thin stainless steel cable or a nylon mesh filter .
VARIATIONS OF THE FRENCH PRESS FRENCH PRESS
French presses are more portable and autonomous than other coffee machines. There are versions for travel, which are made of sturdy plastic instead of the most common glass, and have a lid sealed with a drinking hole that can be closed. Some versions are marketed for hikers and backpackers who do not want to carry a heavy metal percolator or drip filter. Other versions include stainless steel, insulated presses designed to keep the coffee hot, similar in design to the thermotransfer. One variation uses an “extraction” design: The coffee is placed in a mesh basket, which is then pushed into the lid after the preparation of the infusion. Others produce a similar effect by having blinds that can be closed through the top of the press, completely sealing the coffee beans. French presses are also sometimes used to make cold coffee.
HOW COFFEE IS PREPARED IN FRENCH PRESS:
This is how it is prepared:
Rest the jar on a dry, flat and non-slippery surface. Hold the handle tightly, then remove the piston.
introduce a spoonful of coffee (7-8 grams) per 200 ml of water into the jar
pour the hot water into the jug, without boiling
dip the piston again and press down
the pressure on the piston is exerted slowly, smoothly and constantly
After each use, wash the jar with water and a delicate detergent, and dry carefully
PATENT OF THE UNITED STATES:
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